It is emerging as perhaps the best preserved Upper Paleolithic dwelling site found anywhere in the world.( calibrated date is 21,500 BC and the site is similar to the Kebaran culture predating the Natufians.Then, Riehl and her colleagues traced the use of plants over that entire period of time.According to their research, the people of Chogha Golan apparently began cultivating wild barley, wheat, and lentils more than 11,500 years ago, and that domesticated forms of wheat appeared about 9,800 years ago, nearly as early as at sites to the west." ( An important site as it is at present the earliest agricultural site in the Zagros Mountains.Sites of the PPNA culture are found all over Israel, Jordan, Syria, and northern Iraq and a similar early agricultural village of what was probably a closely related culture is found at Catal Huyuk in south-central Turkey. The spread of PPNA probably went along with the spread of a particular language across the Middle East, so PPNA culture was probably spread by one particular people who drove out or absorbed other peoples." ( Höyük began at around. As in Catal Höyük, the houses were mud brick and entered through the roof.
Similar circular huts are still built by peasants in northeastern Syria and southeastern Turkey.The image to the right which is from 2012 shows the structures uncovered."Jericho is believed to be one of the oldest continuously-inhabited cities in the world, with evidence of settlement dating back to 9000 BC, providing important information about early human habitation in the Near East. The first permanent settlement was built near the Ein as-Sultan spring between 80 BC by an unknown people, and consisted of a number of walls, a religious shrine, and a 23-foot (7.0 m) tower with an internal staircase." ( earliest settlement was located at the present-day Tell es-Sultan (or Tell Sultan), a couple of kilometers from the current city.Arabic tell means "mound" -- consecutive layers of habitation built up a mound over time, as is common for ancient settlements in the Middle East and Anatolia.It is currently considered the oldest known shrine or temple complex in the world, and the planet's oldest known example of monumental architecture.""Göbekli Tepe - One of the most exciting discoveries in Turkish archeology this century.It currently stands as the oldest known Megalithic Temple complex in the world (9,000 BC).
What makes it exceptional is that it is pre- Neolithic.