Conflict between the two sides intensified in what is known as the Vietnam War, with heavy intervention by the United States on the side of South Vietnam from 1965 to 1973.The war ended with a North Vietnamese victory in 1975.Early independence movements, such as those of the Trưng Sisters and Lady Triệu, were only temporarily successful, though the region gained a longer period of independence as Vạn Xuân under the Anterior Lý dynasty between AD 544 and 602.By the early 10th century, Vietnam had gained autonomy, but not sovereignty, under the Khúc family.Vietnam was then unified under a Marxist-Leninist government but remained impoverished and politically isolated.In 1986, the government initiated a series of economic and political reforms which began Vietnam's path towards integration into the world economy.
Thereafter, Vietnam was divided politically into two rival states, North Vietnam (officially the Democratic Republic of Vietnam), and South Vietnam (officially the Republic of Vietnam).The Hồng Bàng dynasty of the Hùng kings is considered the first Vietnamese state, known in Vietnamese as Văn Lang.In 257 BC, the last Hùng king was defeated by Thục Phán, who consolidated the Lạc Việt and Âu Việt tribes to form the Âu Lạc, proclaiming himself An Dương Vương.Wanneer uw proefabonnement bijna afloopt, ontvangt u bericht van ons met een aanbod voor een doorlopend abonnement. Het verspreidingsgebied van de Leeuwarder Courant beslaat de provincie Friesland. Bovendien ontvangt u een welkomstbrief met daarin alle informatie over uw abonnement.Bij abonnementen buiten ons verspreidingsgebied worden portokosten in rekening gebracht (behalve voor Groningen en Drenthe).
An independent Vietnamese state was formed in 939, following a Vietnamese victory in the Battle of Bạch Đằng River.